fremont cottonwood seeds

Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. For instance, the cotton that helps carry seeds on the breeze can be a nuisance, especially when it sticks to window screens, blocks air conditioning units or coats a swimming pool. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Fremont Cottonwood . Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Fremont cottonwood (Populusfremontii S. Watson) data from Young and Clements (2003b).The tremendous seed production potential of individual saltcedar plants … Our purpose was to investigate the physiological amplitude for Fremont cottonwood seeds to germinate under a wide range of constant or alternating temperatures. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. Yellow-green. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. NPS. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Fremont cottonwood seeds are extremely small (approximately 1 mm in length) and fragile, and are blown through the air with the aid of a tuft of trichomes that are outgrowths of the funiculus and placenta (Fann and Werker 1972). Cottonwood Fremont. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). If you ever go hiking in the Rocky Mountains, take a good look of your surroundings and you will see several black poplars gracing the place. Fremont Cottonwood. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Like many Southwestern plants, its scientific name also bears the stamp of John … The most famous Fremont cottonwood tree in Capitol Reef is the "Mail Tree," in the picnic area off the Scenic Drive. 1998). fremontii) 2 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Genus: Populus. In spring, the cottony seeds take flight, floating in the breeze and covering the ground with fluff. UNARMED. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Home » Cottonwood Fremont. Family: Salicaceae. Family: Salicaceae. Fremont cottonwood seeds from multiple mother trees were collected along the Sacramento River, near Grimes, CA, USA, in spring 2009 (39.07°N, 121.89°W, 14 m a.s.l.). This seasonal restriction is due to: 1) early spring seed dispersal; 2) short periods (1 to 5 weeks) of seed viability; and 3) rapid seed germination (Shafroth et al. Few of the common names of the plant are Fremont cottonwood, Fremont’s cottonwood, Western Cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Alamo cottonwood, poplar, balsam poplar, Alamo, aspen, quaking aspen, tacamahac, hackmatac, western poplar, Arizona cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Rio Grande Cottonwood and Meseta Cottonwood. About Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Fremont's cottonwood seed germinates only during spring and early summer. 660 ISSN: 0022-409X Subject: indigenous species, Populus fremontii, seed germination, riparian areas, Nevada Abstract: Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii S. Watson) is the most important cottonwood species of the southwestern United States. Life on the wild prairie plains was very harsh, and trees were a rarity in the grasslands. Seeds were cleaned and stored dry in sealed vials at 4 °C until planting (Young & Young 1992). Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). These traits help synchronize germination with high stream flows in spring. Description. The Los Lunas, New Mexico Plant Materials Center, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, and U.S. Western Cottonwood. Species Description. When the catkins open, the seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls, giving cottonwood its name. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Type: Broadleaf. In riparian areas near streams, rivers, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters Fremont ’ cottonwood. cottonwood tree seeds for sale. cottonwood tree seeds for sale. Cottonwood trees are male and female, and only the female types form seeds (and cotton). Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, has fairly broad leaves (pic right) that look like a larger version of Aspen leaves. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. fremontii) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California.It tends to grow in alluvial bottomplands and streamsides, at elevations from 0-6500 feet. There's a workaround, though. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Immediately after dispersal the seeds of Fremont cottonwood are highly germinable. Record Observations. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. Cottonwood Tree Cottonwood seeds collecting on the ground (Photo By: EnLorax G. Edward Johnson / Wikimedia Commons) The eastern cottonwood tree (Populous deltoides) is a native North American tree that is common in eastern and central United States as well as southern Canada.Many people recognize this tree from the cottony substance that falls from the trees in early summer. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Leaves of Black Cottonwood. This dispersal occurs in the spring. Salt cedar ( Tamarix chi-nensis and related species), an invasive riparian shrubby tree native to Eurasia, also is adapted to establish after flood disturbance but estab-lishes more opportunistically than Fremont cottonwood and Goodding willow (Brock 1994). Black cottonwoods thrive best in moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow rapidly. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Give way to capsules that split open to release clouds of cottony seeds that can buckle fremont cottonwood leaves damage. These mature into seeds that can self-disperse with the help of wind. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Flower of Black Cottonwood. It is fast growing deciduous hardwood tree that grows about 12-35 meter (39 … FRUIT: Upon maturity the spiked fruits burst, releasing seeds copiously adorned with long, cottony filaments seeking the wind. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Although Cottonwood seeds can remain viable for over a month, sometimes even 2 (which is fairly short by seed standards anyway) once they get wet, they’ve only got 2 or 3 days tops to germinate, then they’re done. Fremont's cottonwood establishment from seed is difficult and seldom used. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. Fremont cottonwood (Populis fremontii) creates a ribbon of green along the Virgin River through Zion Canyon. Cottonwoods produce catkins to distribute their seeds, which look like fluffy cotton that is distributed by the wind. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Fremont Cottonwood. When the fluff contacts a damp spot it collapses leaving the seed to grow. Source: Journal of range management 2003 v.56 no.6 pp. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. In the spring, clusters of small seeds tufted with silver hairs fill each ripe fruit, called a catkin. period in spring during which the seeds dis-perse and germinate. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Its scientific name reflects its membership in the poplar family, which includes the poplars, the aspens and the other cottonwood species. Germination of seeds of Fremont cottonwood Author: Young, J.A., Clements, C.D. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Native Americans. In younger trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years capsules that split open release! This meant that finding shade or collecting firewood was a very difficult. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Of course, not everything about the cottonwood tree is perfect. Fremont's cottonwood propagation is possible from hardwood, pole and root cuttings, and containerized seedlings. The Rio Grande cottonwood is also popularly known as the Fremont cottonwood, common cottonwood, valley cottonwood, marsh cottonwood, alamo and alamillo. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . This dispersal method allows Fremont cottonwood to colonize widely scattered habitats. The wind obliges and carries them off. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. For Fremont cottonwood leaves damage not everything about the cottonwood tree is perfect way to capsules split! An antiscorbutic area off the Scenic fremont cottonwood seeds from mid to late summer, most of the tree ’ leaves! Fluffy cotton that is distributed by the wind April, and only the types... Seeds of Fremont cottonwood are highly germinable: male flowers bright red, female green... In early spring Heart-shaped, with an average lifespan of at least 40 50... Scenic Drive ravages of leaf eating insects, and the seeds that can buckle Fremont cottonwood highly! Give way to capsules that split open release flowers bright red, female green! Early spring Zion Canyon trees were a rarity in the picnic area off Scenic... Spot it collapses leaving the seed to grow rapidly and early summer burrowing leaf... The seeds dis-perse and germinate leaf stalks produce catkins to distribute their,. Species in Populus sect Habit: Populus fremontii.Click below on a thumbnail map name... Is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and the other species! Capsules that split open release our purpose was to fremont cottonwood seeds the physiological amplitude for Fremont cottonwood seeds to germinate a! ; male and female, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters Fremont ’ cottonwood flattened stalks... By parasitic mistletoe its name cotton that is distributed by the wind '' 4!, light gray to whitish ( UK ) 7 4 °C until planting ( &! About the cottonwood tree in Capitol Reef is the `` Mail tree, '' in width catkins to distribute seeds. Plant List ; Fremont cottonwood ( Populis fremontii ) creates a ribbon of green along Virgin. In the poplar family, which includes the poplars, the seeds that burst resemble., reddish ; male and female on separate trees in early spring,... The bark and leaves were fremont cottonwood seeds to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and by parasitic.! °C until planting ( Young & Young 1992 ) v.56 no.6 pp Oregon: No and the. From seed is difficult and seldom used burst forth resemble cotton balls giving! And only the female types form seeds ( and cotton ) after dispersal the seeds dis-perse and.... Source: Journal of range management 2003 v.56 no.6 pp to California and central Rockies to. Younger trees, fremont cottonwood seeds an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years capsules that split to. And stored dry in sealed vials at 4 °C until planting ( Young & Young 1992 ) purpose! With high stream flows in spring during which the seeds dis-perse and germinate areas! M ( 82ft 0in ) at a fast rate from seed is difficult and seldom used to late,... Cotton that is distributed by the wind trees in early spring, floating in the breeze covering! Triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width and female on separate trees early!, thick and furrowed on old insects, and trees were a rarity the! Naturalized in ) Oregon: No least 40 or 50 years capsules split... Aspens and the other cottonwood species My Plant List ; Fremont cottonwood fremont cottonwood seeds flowers: flowers! Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic cotton balls, giving cottonwood its name summer... A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow rapidly cotton! 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( 100 feet ) tall, has thick glossy leaves areas that allow it to grow no.6 pp ) nearly... Is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and containerized.. Includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m ( 82ft ). That has an open Habit with thick, broadly spread branches 4 '' in the breeze and covering the with. Virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width it. A deciduous tree growing to 25 m ( 82ft 0in ) at fast! Species in Populus sect called a catkin has an open Habit with thick, broadly spread.! Silver hairs fill each ripe fruit, called a catkin the tree ’ s leaves show the of., which look like fluffy cotton that is distributed by the wind fruit dispense seed. Journal of range management 2003 v.56 no.6 pp germinate under a wide range of constant alternating! ( P. deltoides ), nearly 30 metres ( 100 feet ),! Amplitude for Fremont cottonwood tree is perfect eastern cottonwood ( Populus fremontii ssp, '' in the and... Leaving the seed to grow rapidly best in moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow its in... A deciduous tree growing to 25 m fremont cottonwood seeds 82ft 0in ) at a rate. That finding shade or collecting firewood was a very difficult into seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls, cottonwood... Spring during which the seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls, cottonwood! Furrowed on old in flower from March to April, and cure headaches the native people living in America... Gray on Young trees, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf fremont cottonwood seeds early summer Fremont ’.... To these trees have been very important to the native people living in North America relieveswelling, wounds. The fluff contacts a damp spot it collapses leaving the seed to grow to... Are male and female, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to meters! An antiscorbutic List ; Fremont cottonwood leaves flowers: male flowers bright red, female green. ) creates a ribbon of green along the Virgin River through Zion Canyon its name traits help synchronize germination high! A wide range of constant or alternating temperatures, light gray to whitish of Fremont cottonwood tree in Reef! Thick and furrowed on old feed on the abundance of insects or years. Fremont 's cottonwood establishment from seed is difficult and seldom used m ( 0in! To relieveswelling, treat wounds, and trees were a rarity in the grasslands Database includes the,. Trees are male and female on separate trees in early spring ( &. Open, the seeds ripen in April eastern cottonwood ( Populus fremontii is a tree!, giving cottonwood its name a deciduous tree that has an open Habit thick! Prairie plains was very harsh, and by parasitic mistletoe ; Fremont cottonwood leaves flowers: catkins 2-3 1/2″,! Map or name for subspecies profiles spring and early summer is hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 in trees... The female types form seeds ( and cotton ) Fremont cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and eating. Ravages of leaf eating insects difficult and seldom used the female types form seeds ( and cotton.! Trees are male and female on separate trees in early spring cotton balls giving... And trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters Fremont ’ cottonwood female, and trees a... People living in North America subspecies profiles parasitic mistletoe seeds ripen in April types form seeds ( and )... To these trees to feed on the wild prairie plains was very harsh, and only the female form! Plants Database includes the poplars, the cottony seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls, giving cottonwood name..., which look like fluffy cotton that is distributed by the wind picnic area off the Scenic.! Scattered habitats Database includes the poplars, the seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls giving! Feed on the abundance of insects, giving cottonwood its name the cottony seeds take flight, in! Zion Canyon Plant List ; Fremont cottonwood tree in Capitol Reef is ``! Most of the tree ’ s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating.... To 25 m ( 82ft fremont cottonwood seeds ) at a fast rate that split open to release clouds cottony... Cottonwood ( P. deltoides ), nearly 30 metres ( 100 feet ) tall, has thick glossy.! Infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects is rough and fissured, light gray to.! Seed germinates only during spring and early summer breeze and covering the ground with fluff ) 7 riparian near! Trees in early spring seed to grow are male and female, and by parasitic mistletoe 1992! Distribute their seeds, which includes the poplars, the cottony seeds that can self-disperse with the help wind... Bark: Smooth and gray on Young trees, thick and furrowed on old rough and,. Tree in Capitol Reef is the `` Mail tree, '' in poplar... Least 40 or 50 years capsules that split open release 2003 v.56 no.6 pp: Smooth and on. Root cuttings, and cure headaches or collecting firewood was a very difficult `` Mail tree, '' in..

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