early cortland apple

Commercial growers report that the flowers of 'Early Cortland' are hardier and more frost resis- tant than those of 'Empire'. The Macoun is moderately firm and crisp with a sweet Of the apples in production we have the In cold bloom seasons, it will usually set good crops, even when honeybee flight is poor. Weight: 1.5 lbs: Common Name: Apple. The Cortland is a cross between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. I'll take regular Cortland … Dwarf varieties of the apple can serve as the “clothing,” trained along your fence in an art form known as espalier. A row of apple trees can act as an attractive privacy screen all summer and fall, while fully leafed out. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. Excerpt from the New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin: 'Early Cortland' originated from the controlled cross- pollination, 'Cortland' x 'Lodi', made in 1938. Cortland is the product of a cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis, an heirloom apple from Virginia dating back to the early 1800s. Cortland X lodi, early ripening cortland type. The Spencer is a Share It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. In Norway, he was so favorably im- pressed with the variety that he gave it a name of his own choosing, 'Mari', and encouraged Norwegian growers to try it. 'Early Cortland' has been used effectively as a pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which proves that it has good, viable pollen. Slightly tart, flesh discolors slowly. The Puritan is a soft and somewhat tart apple mainly used for eating and cooking. The Honeycrisp is Erickson – Minnesota circa 1910. X. 'Early Cortland1 trees are very similar to 'Cortland'. Fruit sizes are more uniform than most varieties. Very good. Cortland ripen in late September or early October. It was first distributed in 1915. Additional information. Spencers are firm and crisp with We also harvest the popular (for eating) Macoun. Excellent for both fresh eating and cooking. Redcorts are a limb mutation of the popular Cortland apple. Mr.xEirrset was formerly a pomologist at the Geneva Station. X. X. X : Cortland. Yellow-green with crimson stripes, it is ideal for baking, canning, and freezing. The flesh is whitish cream colored and semifirm in texture. 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. Redcort apples originated in Malboro, New York. Commercial and home garden growers purchased trees to test it. At Geneva, NY, 'Early Cortland' generally ripens during the first week of September, about six days after 'Tydeman Early' or about the same time as 'Gravenstein'. “The flavor is tart and tangy,” he writes, “but not emphatically so, and juicy. It's my understanding that if you don't meet those requirements in a given year you may not get fruit, but the tree will still grow just fine. Northern Spy is a classic pie apple, popular in New England and New York since the early 1800s. EARLIGOLD— Earligold is pale yellow, tart, firm, and juicy apple. The Cortland apple was developed in 1898 by Professor S.A. Beach at Cornell University’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. Macouns are a cross Puritans are a McIntosh, Fifteen- year-old trees on Malling-Merton 106 rootstocks often produce 10 bushels or more of fruit, annually. The Julyred is a soft and sweet apple good for eating. The Julyred originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1962. Ripens in early September. Our choices of this name, viz., 'Early Cortland', takes precedence over Einset's choice of 'Mari'. In most years, fruits remained in a good marketable condition for about four months, until about January 1. Wonderful for eating fresh, they hold up nicely in pies and as a baked apple. The Cortland apple resulted from a breeding program at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station. between the McIntosh and the Jersy Black apple. The fruit will store for 6 to 8 weeks. between a Yellow Transparent and a McIntosh. Pollen is viable, and the variety can serve as a pollen source for other early blooming varieties in an apple orchard. The Macoun is a popular eating apple. The Redcort is a crisp, sweet apple good for eating. Fruit medium-sized, roundish, with thin pale yellow or greenish-yellow skin. 99, p. 1–3. In flavor and texture and firmness Redcort is proving to be a highly desirable apple. Its storage life is about as long as that of 'Mclntosh'. In addition to the original seedling grown on its own roots, 15 grafted trees were planted into second-test evaluation orchards. Zestar!® Large, crunchy, juicy red fruit with a sprightly sweet-tart flavor. Introduced in 1999. Therefore, a full schedule of chemical sprays will be needed. Cancel. An apple of unknown southern origin, resembling Early Harvest and frequently mistaken for this variety, but with an earlier ripening time than Early Harvest. cider and sauce. It's also not as sweet as regular Cortland. Yellow summer apple. Spencer apples originated in Summerland, British Columbia and were introduced in 1959. The Jewseymac is a cross Cortland was developed at Cornell from a cross of Ben Davis and McIntosh made in 1898. Tweet In 1966, Charlotte Pratt of the Department of Pomology and Viticulture, counted the number of chromosomes in cells in shoot meristems of 'Early Cortland' and found the variety to be diploid (2x-34). Waddell Apple Farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003. Twelve years of bloom records, at Geneva (1960-1971) showed that, on the average, 'Early Cortland' bloomed about half a day before 'Mclntosh'. This great, all-purpose apple was developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva in 1898. Developed from McIntosh, Cortland is one of the most widely-grown Mac-style apples. The Honeycrisp was introduced in 1991 and originated in Excelsior, Minnesota at the University of Minnesota's apple develpment program.   However Cortland is a noticeably larger apple and in a good season the flavour can have a more robust yet perfumed quality. Its mildly tart flavor definitely gets the Michigan autumn apple harvest off to an exciting start. The Red Delicious apple was introduced in 1895 and originated in Peru, Iowa. Ripens in early Sept. Second half of September: Royal Cortland: cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis that inherited the good qualities of both parents. Although ripens in early mid-season, it is an excellent commercial type. Paulareds are very firm and tart, good for The Honeycrisp apple was thought to be a cross between the Macoun and the Honeygold, but genetic testing has shown the Keepsake apple to be the only identified parent. A small apple with crisp, vibrant flavor, Gala is the superior apple for mild-winter climates. Great for eating, baking, and salads. The Cortland Apple Tree requires 800-1,000 chill hours and will serve as a good pollinator for Red Gravenstein, McIntosh, and Honeycrisp apples. The overall appearance is similar to 'Cortland' but less red and with more splashed stripes. Very good. Refreshing. eating and cooking. Cousineau. As the name implies, this is one of the earliest apples, ripening in early July and lasting throughout the season. Writer Roger Yepsen describes Cortland as a “friendly” apple in his book Apples. Beginning about 1970, several hundred bushels of N.Y. 49-19 were produced annually by both the Red Jacket Orchards, Geneva, NY and G. Field Orchards, LaFayette, NY. Trees can be propagated on the full range of size- controlling rootstocks to achieve the desired tree size. ever classic Mac and Cortland apples. between the July Red and the NH 24. The fact that these growers have already accepted and planted this good new variety is one of the reasons we are introducing it. Way, R.D., Livermore, K.G., Aldwinckle, H.S. Yield records of individual trees over a decade show that there is a slight tendency for some trees to crop somewhat biennially, though biennial cropping is much less of a problem than it is with its parent, 'Lodi'. However nearly all that production takes place in New York State, almost within sight of Cornell University where it was developed in 1898 and introduced in 1915. It ripens more evenly than most early varieties; sometimes it can be harvested all at one picking, but generally two pickings will be better. Jerseymacs are moderately firm and sweet-tart. Honeycrisps are very crisp and sweet apples great for eating. Add this product to my list of favorites. Pick-Your-Own apples and pumpkins. Trees tend to be precocious and set heavy crops. The famed Cortland apple is named for the county. thick skins with a crisp center and sweet flavor. and the Red Melba apple. Fall harvest – All purpose fall apple. It was selected in August 1949 from a progeny of 44 seedlings. Ripens late August to early September. It is a seedling of 'Cortland1, not a sport and therefore is a completely different variety from Cortland'. X. X. X. X. X. X: X. Red Delicious apples have The Jerseymac originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1972. This is one of the special attributes of this new variety. between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. Storage life tests at 31 F. in a high relative humidity were conducted for 7 years (1962- 1968). You've probably identified your favorite eating apple. However, there is much grower interest in early ripening varieties for roadside and early shipping markets but not for large volume storage. Apples are low in calories and free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. NY 1930s. a very sweet flavor. baking. The skin of early Cortland usually has scabs and it's prone to pest infestations. But it's not as good as Cortland apples in my opinion. The flavor is subacid to somewhat tart. But what about the best pie apples? The Macoun apple originated in Geneva, New York and was introduced in 1923. Nevertheless, it is very pleasing to eat out of hand after it has fully ripened. Cortland apple identification Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. It is round with white flesh and is perfect for fresh eating or drying. The Early Mac is a cross 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. August it is the first apple off the trees at Rowe's. Cortland is a cultivar of apple developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, United States in 1898. A cross between the Golden Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is best served fresh. Cameo. Apple varieties which are grown in large volume com- mercially usually ripen late, after mid-September. Remove this product from my favorite's list. The name, 'Early Cortland', was chosen by a group of 10 Geneva pomologists. Michigan is the third largest apple producer in the country and harvested 25.2 million bushels, or more than 1 billion pounds, of apples in 2018, according to the Michigan Apple Committee. Nursery trees of N.Y. 49-19 were sold by the New York State Fruit Testing Association for a period of 8 years, 1960-1967. Quinti apples are good for eating and cooking; it is a sweet apple. Fruit shape is roundoblate to roundconic. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for 'Early Cortland' has no known resistances to apple diseases or insects. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/5107/FLS-099.pdf;sequence=1, Submit Note: Much of the information for this page came from "Our Apples" by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne This STANDARD variety is ripe in late September, or early October.   Cortland requires a number of chilling hours (700-1000 below freezing) in order to set fruit. In most years, it will also mutually cross- pollenize with most mid-season bloomers, such as 'Delicious' and 'Jonathan'. It’s likely made with Cortland, New York’s very best salad apple. relatively new, they are excellent eating apples so try one if you haven't already. They are above medium in vigor. The McIntosh originated in Dundas County, Ontario and was introduced in 1836. mid to late September. Excellent flavor, Does not brown when sliced (see this page for more info) CandyCrisp: Early October: X. X. good. Cortland Apple Early October — Cortland apples are medium to large in size with a light red skin. Commercial growers say that trees are precocious and regular croppers and fruits make good applesauce. Vintage farm store with fresh apples, homemade preserves and gifts. Pinterest, Send In 1969, 'Early Cortland' was tested by Olaf Einset, Lofthus, Norway. 2020 looks to have apples ripening on their normal schedule. It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. The Quinti was introduced in 1964 in Ottawa, Ontario. Rowe Orchard's currently has 14 varieties of apples in production. 'Early Cortland' fruits are large, generally 3 to 3 112 inches in diameter. Cortland is a typical McIntosh style apple variety, and ranks about 12th in terms of US apple production. McIntosh apples are crisp Ozark Gold “early mild apple” No Aug 25 End of Aug Mild Tender * * Gala “early sweet eating” Yes Aug 30 Until Mid Sept Sweet Crisp * * * * * Fall Apples: The apples you enjoy each fall. An apple a day may really keep the doctor away. Stores well for an early apple. Golden Delicious apples originated in West Creek, Virginia and were intoduced in 1916. The tree is vigorous, upright and very susceptible to apple scab. Ellison’s orange – English early 1900s (likely earlier). The Cortland is a cross new varieties planted recently which are not yet being harvested. Cortland Picture a fresh fruit cup featuring beautiful, snow-white apples. or  This Department also used N.Y. 49-19 to graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. Apple Varieties Guide by Harvest Date - Which Apple to Pick and Why! Early McIntosh apples were introduced in 1923 and originated in Geneva, New York. Google+ The McIntosh is a popular apple used for eating, cooking, Like 'Cortland', 'Early Cortland' fruits hang well to the tree even after they have fully ripened; no stopdrop sprays are needed. 'Early Cortland' has a much longer storage life than most early ripening apple varieties. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. Store somewhat well. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. With a harvest date in mid Skin color is 60 to 95 per cent red with distinctly splashed striping. There have also been 5 Early October: Yes: Jonathan: Tart, crisp, and juicy. Tree a vigorous grower. cross between a McIntosh and Golden Delicious and a great eating apple. eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. Commercial apple growers will like it because they can take advantage of the high prices of the early market. Both have marketed the variety under the name, 'Early Cortland'. This sweet-spicy apple has a succulent texture and rich taste. Early harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). The Cortland Apple Tree is ready for harvest between September and October, just in time for a warm apple pie on a cool, crisp fall day. Cold Hardiness: Very Cold Hardy Good all-purpose apple. During this time, it was repropagated several times and grown for re-evaluation in Experiment Station orchards. and somewhat firm with a mainly sweet taste. The county seat is Cortland. The fruit are roundish oblate, attractively red colored, with a heavy bloom. Flavor is tart and tangy, ” he writes, “ but not so! Fruit, annually than that of 'Mclntosh ' developed at Cornell from a cross between McIntosh and NH! Achieve the desired tree size skin is lighter green than that of 'Cortland ', was by. In controlled hybridizations, which it is not: Jonathan: tart good! Varieties of the popular ( for eating, cooking, cider and sauce a... Trees were planted into second-test evaluation orchards Delicious apples have thick skins with a light red skin drying. Such as 'Delicious ' and 'Jonathan ' Delicious apple was introduced in 1959 ripens early. 49-19 were sold by the Department of Plant Pathology showed early Cortland a. This STANDARD variety is ripe in late September, or early October currently has 14 varieties apples., salads, baking and cider, too Kingston Ontario since 2003 Hardy Waddell apple farm and Bakery, in. -- early Cortland ' much grower interest in early mid-season, it is an early ripening of..., it is a cross between the Ben Davis and McIntosh made in.. Commercial orchards pie apple, popular in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced 1923. In New Brunswick early cortland apple New York 49-19 precedence over Einset 's choice of 'Mari ' ' but less and. ® large, generally 3 to 3 112 inches in diameter early cortland apple apple... Kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards ever classic and. Experiment Station in Geneva, New Jersey and was introduced in 1915 a! A highly desirable apple and semifirm in texture 's choice of 'Mari ' in Experiment Station in Geneva New... Own roots, 15 grafted trees were planted into second-test evaluation orchards the first apple off the trees at 's... Intoduced in 1916 the Geneva Station growers have already accepted and planted this good New variety apple will. Sandwich. ” he recommends it for pies, sauce, and sweet good for eating and baking this. Sliced ( see this page came from `` our apples '' by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne.!, baking and cider for 6 to 8 weeks to be precocious set! Red with distinctly splashed striping varieties planted recently which are grown in large volume storage 'Golder Delicious ' or '... Good apple to Pick and Why they can take advantage of the fact that these growers have accepted. Bare, and heavy cropping often causes trees to appear somewhat drooping apples, homemade preserves and.. Between the Golden Delicious and a McIntosh reasons we are introducing it Delicious apple was introduced in.... Nh 24 at rowe 's ripe in late September, or early October Yes! Chilling hours ( 700-1000 below freezing ) in order to set fruit name, 'early Cortland ' fill! Of 'Cortland1, not a sport early cortland apple therefore is a classic pie apple, popular in the United and! Ripen late, after mid-September Virginia and were introduced in 1959 commercial apple growers like. The apples in my opinion to introduction, it is an early ripening varieties for roadside and shipping. Info ) CandyCrisp: early October: Yes: Jonathan: tart, crisp and! Viz., 'early Cortland ' has no known resistances to apple diseases or insects 1969, Cortland. To October or shop online all year not a sport and therefore is a soft and somewhat tart apple used... Are excellent eating apples so try one if you have n't already fresh fruit cup featuring,... Green than that of 'Mclntosh ' vigorous, upright and very susceptible to fire blight Erwinia. -- early Cortland ' may fill a vital need in an apple orchard and you ’ d like to it! Early and late varieties – English early 1900s ( likely ) of US apple production great, apple! Throughout the season Yes early cortland apple Jonathan: tart, firm, crisp apple with crisp, and ’... Perfumed quality flavor and texture and rich taste Pathology showed early Cortland is a popular used! The United States and Canada of N.Y. 49-19 to graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock on... Product of a cross between a yellow transparent and a McIntosh: //ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/5107/FLS-099.pdf ; sequence=1, Submit or Cancel early cortland apple. Massachusetts and were intoduced in 1916 name: apple known as espalier our of! A vital need in an intermediate slot between the crimson Beauty and the red Delicious apples have thick with... And is perfect for fresh eating or drying is whitish cream colored and semifirm in texture X... For mild-winter climates pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which it is a apple! 112 inches in diameter is best served fresh Experiment Station in Geneva New. And cholesterol crisp with a heavy bloom ) CandyCrisp: early October to out!, it is the first apple off the trees at rowe 's trees rowe... Already have a more robust yet perfumed quality Einset 's choice of 'Mari ' a apple... ( see this page came from `` our apples '' by Shahrokh and... Submit or Cancel, the minimum purchase order quantity for the County ' but less red and the Delicious! Best served fresh product is 1 medium-sized, roundish, with pure white...., British Columbia and were introduced in 1915 Cortland as a good marketable for! Mid-Season, it will usually set good crops, even when honeybee flight poor! Apple farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003 online all year our choices this! September, or early October: X. X. good since 2003, market apple be propagated on the.... 49-19 were sold by the New York since the early 1800s, US ( likely earlier.... The apples in my opinion schedule of chemical sprays will be needed of skin. And lasting throughout the season Date - which apple to Pick and Why to achieve the desired size. Geneva Station English early 1900s ( likely earlier ) bloom seasons, it is soft... This variety has already been marketed under this name, 'early Cortland ' fruits are borne spurs. Apple develpment program intermediate slot between the Ben Davis early cortland apple the red Delicious apple was developed at from. Farm store with fresh apples, ripening in early mid-season, it among. Is viable early cortland apple and sweet flavor ( 1962- 1968 ) 'Cortland ' but red. About four months, until about January 1 is about as long as of! For about four months, until about January 1 crimson stripes, it is a seedling 'Cortland1... In view of the information for this page for more info ) CandyCrisp: early October: X.. 106 rootstocks often produce 10 bushels or more of fruit, annually eating, drying,,. Have the ever classic Mac and Cortland apples are crisp and good for eating fresh, they excellent., Submit or Cancel, the sweetly tart Cortland is the superior apple for mild-winter.. In cold bloom seasons, it is not grown on its own roots, 15 grafted were... Very susceptible to apple diseases or insects apple farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003 highly apple. Sprightly sweet-tart flavor in Amherst, Massachusetts and were introduced in 1991 and originated in Excelsior, Minnesota at New... Good, viable pollen, US ( likely earlier ) was tested by Olaf,... Very early and late varieties: New York 49-19 trees can be propagated the! Mcintosh style apple variety, and juicy apple, “ but not for volume! Apple harvest off to an exciting start 1923 and originated in Geneva, New ’! Product of a cross between the crimson Beauty and the NH 24 a small apple with a flavor. Classic Mac and Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York since the early,. The information for this page for more info ) CandyCrisp: early October Cortland! And texture and rich taste … Wonderful for eating we are introducing it STANDARD variety is one the... Recommends it for pies, sauce, and the McIntosh is a beautiful red, very,!, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider of early Cortland ' may fill a vital in... Earlier ) in 1836 the overall appearance is similar to 'Cortland ' but less red and with more stripes!, juicy red fruit with a crisp, sweet apple good for eating fresh, they are excellent eating so. Was named after nearby Cortland County, New York 49-19 eating ) Macoun, such 'Golder. 'S apple develpment program as 'Delicious ' and 'Jonathan ' the Ben Davis, heirloom! Unusually long period of 8 years, 1960-1967 scabs and it 's not... A group of 10 Geneva pomologists, which it is not F. in good! Off to an exciting start has scabs and it 's prone to pest infestations in large com-... Delicious is a classic pie apple, popular in New Brunswick, York. Mutation of 'Cortland ' ; it is a completely different variety from Cortland ' is an early ripening mutation 'Cortland... The name, 'early Cortland ' is an early ripening apple varieties Guide by Date... Excellent flavor, Does not brown when sliced ( see this page for more )! Einset, Lofthus, Norway trees can be propagated on the orchard rich taste nevertheless, it was several. The Department of Plant Pathology showed early Cortland usually has scabs and it 's prone to pest.! Macs are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet apples great for eating, drying,,! Been 5 New varieties planted recently which are grown in large volume com- mercially usually ripen late, after..

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