aqua ammonia properties

AQUA AMMONIA INDUSTRIAL GRADE AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE DESCRIPTION Aqua Ammonia (NH 4 OH) is a clear and colorless, low vapor pressure liquid product manufactured to the following reagent grade specifications: CHEMICAL PROPERTIES PROPERTY SPECIFICATIONS** Appe aranc e Color less, W ater W hite Assay* (% by w t. NH 3 At 10 bara, the condensation/boiling point is 25 °C (77 °F). AQUA-CAT® aqua ammonia is manufactured from de-mineralized (de-ionized) water and high purity anhydrous ammonia. Density of: Aqua Ammonia is 895 Conditions: Not Established. In many respects it resembles water in its physical properties. The equilibrium constant for this reaction at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5. Aqua ammonia drums should be stored out of the sun and away from heat. This tutorial describes how to read an aqua ammonia enthalpy concentration diagram. Ammonium hydroxide is soluble and much more stable in its aqueous form than in its natural state, which is why ammonia is frequently transported and used once dissolved in water as aqua ammonia. Since ammonia is widely used in the gaseous form and also as an aqueous solution for the amination of organic compounds, reliable data is required on the flammability of both the anhydrous and aqueous material. AQUA AMMONIA PROPERTIES Wt. It is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. (AQUA AMMONIA 29%) PAGE 4 of 10 7 – HANDLING and STORAGE STORAGE: Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area below 44°C (110°F). In aqueous solutions, NH 3 ionizes in accordance with the reaction. Aqua ammonia is usually shipped in either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums. R.J. Parod, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Ammonia, a colorless gas with a distinct odor, is a building-block chemical and a key component in the manufacture of many products people use every day.It occurs naturally throughout the environment in the air, soil and water and in plants and animals, including humans. May be subject to detonation if allowed to dry out. First, it requires 3 independent properties … : 1336-21-6 (approximately 30% NH 3) Synonyms: Aqua ammonia, ammonia water, Spirit of Hartshorn, ammonium hydroxide Physical Properties Exposure Limits A colorless alkaline liquid with a pungent odor. It is hazardous when released in large quantities due to its toxicity. Unionized ammonia freely diffuses through tissue cells and forms ammonium hydroxide (NH 4 OH) upon contact with tissue water; in the blood, ammonium ion (99%) and ammonia (1%) exist in a dynamic equilibrium as predicted by pH partitioning for a weak base (pK a = 9.25). Protect against physical damage. Structural, Chemical and Physical Properties of Ammonia Physical Properties Property Value or Detail Molecular Mass 17.03 g/mol Colour Colourless Odour Sharp, Intensely Irritating Physical State Gas (at room temperature) Melting Point -77.7°C Boiling Point -33.35°C Flash Point 11°C Decomposition Point 500°C Density (Gas) 0.7710g/L Density (Liquid) 0.6818g/L … 1988). 7664-41-7, not the liquid: Vapor pressure at 20 °C: 118 torr OSHA PEL: 50 ppm Thus, ammonia ionizes to a very small extent in aqueous solution. Ammonia is an efficient and popular refrigerant due to its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost. Isolate from incompatible substances. This helps to explain why commonly available as an aqueous solution; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30% NH. The atmosphere is nearly 80% nitrogen, whereas hydrogen is a common element in many organic compounds. A 0.1 mol dm-3 ammonia solution has a pH of about 10. % Ammonia, NH3 Wt % Nitrogen, % N Sp. The solution saturated at 15° C. has a density of 0.882. The components like absorber, and generator perform the regular functions. Aqua ammonia is made from a solution of 19-30% ammonia dissolved in water and is a common commercial form of ammonia that is readily available and practical to transport and use. Some literature data exists on both systems. When ammonia leaves the generator in the vaporized state some particles of water vapor are also carried with it, and these are removed in the analyzer and the rectifier. For more details about phase transitions, see ammonia phase diagram.. Below the tables, properties of liquid ammonia at saturation pressure as function of temperatur, are shown in figures. Reacts exothermically with acids. Hydrazine, N2H4, is a molecule in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group. Household strength aqua ammonia is primarily used with other … However, ammonia does exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its irritating odor. Name, Address, and Telephone of the Responsible Party Company CF Industries Sales, LLC 4 Parkway North, Suite 400 Deerfield, Illinois 60015-2590 847-405-2400 View Other Units / View All Physical Properties of Aqua Ammonia, Comment on them and/or Add more. Aqua ammonia has advantages over anhydrous ammonia: placement need not be as deep, and high-pressure applicators are not required. Drums should not be subjected to rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping. It is possible to lose all of the free ammonia if it is not incorporated. AQUA AMMONIA PROPERTIES Wt. Physical Properties of: Aqua Ammonia . Per Cent Ammonia % NH 3 Wt. Molecular Weight of: Aqua Ammonia is 35.0456 Conditions: Not Established. @ 60°F Comp’d w/ H2O @ 60°F Baumé @ 60°F Wt. Can react with both oxidizing agents and reducing agents. Ammonia properties. Page 2 of 8 POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact. aqua ammonia does not follow normal dilution rules. Ammonia is environmentally benign, having zero GWP and zero ODP. . Aqua Ammonia is also known as ammonia solution, ammonium hydroxide, ammonia water, ammonical liquor, ammonia liquor, aqueous ammonia, or simply ammonia.. TCC’s Aqua Ammonia is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong pungent ammonia odor. Chapter 2 — Properties of Ammonia Chemical Properties of Ammonia Chemical Properties Anhydrous ammonia is a naturally occurring compound comprised of two very common elements — nitrogen and hydrogen. Its density is 0.589 times that of air, which means that it’s lighter than air. Calculate online thermodynamic and transport properties of ammmonia based on industrial formulation (formulated in Helmholtz energy) for advanced technical applications. Ammonia is a colorless gas that is found in very small quantities in nature. Grav. . NH3 Per Gallon @ 60°F Lbs. Intended Use of the Product Fertilizer 1.3. The use of ammonia vapor produces a superior quality Aqua Ammonia solution to that produced from liquid anhydrous ammonia. Limits pertain to the vapor, CAS No. at 60oF Comp’d w/H 2 0 at 60oF Baume at 60oF Weight Per Gallon (Lbs.) Articles of Aqueous ammonia are included as well. NH3H2O (Ammonia-Water) NH3H2O provides the thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixtures in subcooled, saturated and superheated conditions. Aqua Ammonia Sometimes water is added to anhydrous ammonia to reduce the pressure needed to keep it in a liquid state and, in some respects, make it easier to handle. It is highly soluble in water and is therefore commonly used as a water solution called ‘aqua ammonia’. : 303 6/13 11/20/2012 SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection 8.1. Since NH3H2O is a mixture, its implementation differs somewhat from that for the pure substances. Grav. UREA, AMMONIUM NITRATE SOLUTION, (W/AQUA AMMONIA) is a basic solution. Product Name: Aqua Ammonia 29% CAS No: 1336-21-6 Synonyms: Ammonia water, Aqueous ammonia, Household ammonia, Ammonium hydrate STCC: 4935280 1.2. At atmospheric pressure, ammonia, NH3, is present as a liquid at temperatures below -33.6 °C (-28.5 °F). At this concentration, ammonia forms a nearly saturated solution in water. Thus, it acts like a strong Lewis base. Per Gallon (lbs.) It is a solution of ammonia gas (a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen) in water. N Per Gallon at 60oF Boiling Point at 17.7 PSIA (0F) 18.00 14.8 .9326 20.13 7.77 1.40 1.15 124.5 Aqua Ammonia Safety Data Sheet 04/30/2015 EN (English) SDS Ref. General Acute Exposure: Aqua ammonia may cause caustic injury. The final volume would be less than 10 The manufacturing method consists of the rapid dissolution of anhydrous ammonia vapor into de-mineralized water. Aqua ammonia (21% N) is a liquid under low pressure and must be incorporated into the soil to prevent the loss of free ammonia to the atmosphere. . Ammonia is easily soluble in water, with evolution of heat. 2-24 Total Vapor Pressures of Aqueous Solutions of NH 3. . Ammonia, aqueous NH 3(aq) CAS No. The pure compound is a colourless liquid that fumes with a slight odour similar to that of ammonia. The severity of injury depends upon the concentration and duration of exposure. It contains a certain amount of unattached or free ammonia and, therefore, should be applied on the same basis as anhydrous. Ammonia - Ammonia - Derivatives of ammonia: Two of the more important derivatives of ammonia are hydrazine and hydroxylamine. The anhydrous ammonia and aqua ammonia volumes are not additive with water volumes, i.e. 3 (Weast et al. Chemsrc provides Aqueous ammonia(CAS#:1336-21-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Ammonia molecule has a strong tendency to donate its lone pair of. NH 3 Per Gallon at 60oF Lbs. Ammonia is a covalent compound with the following physical properties: Ammonia is very soluble in water, but it ionises partially in water to form a weak alkali. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. The densities of the solutions are less than that of water. Aqueous Ammonia » Aqueous Ammonia General Properties of Aqueous Solutions. Lbs. The resulting material is called aqua ammonia. Ammonia being alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form ammonium salts. Properties of Ammonia 1. . Ammonia is a colourless, reactive gas that is lighter than air (approximately half as heavy) which dissolves readily in water. Control parameters Ammonia (7664-41-7) USA ACGIH ACGIH TWA 25 ppm USA ACGIH ACGIH STEL 35 ppm USA NIOSH IDLH NIOSH IDLH 300 ppm USA NIOSH NIOSH REL (TWA) 18 mg/m³; 25 ppm In the ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system, ammonia works as the refrigerant and water works as the absorbent. mixtures and with the vapours from aqueous solutions of ammonia mixed with air. one gallon of anhydrous ammonia added to nine gallons of water does not result in 10 gallons of solution. Ammonia is also commercially and . Toxicokinetics. Per Cent Nitrogen % N Sp. electrons of nitrogen to other molecules. Lbs. Refrigeration aqua ammonia properties, ammonia ionizes to a very small extent in aqueous solutions, NH 3 ionizes accordance! Unattached or free ammonia if it is not incorporated than that of air, which that... Is 28–30 % NH hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group zero ODP than of. ( Third Edition ), 2014 high purity anhydrous ammonia added to nine gallons of solution 25... Be stored out of the rapid dissolution of anhydrous ammonia: placement need not subjected. Ammonia » aqueous ammonia general properties of aqueous solutions Per gallon ( Lbs. form ammonium salts ( compound. Many respects it resembles water in its Physical properties respects it resembles water its... Heavy ) which dissolves readily in water » aqueous ammonia » aqueous ammonia » aqueous ammonia properties. Aqua ammonia drums should be stored out of the sun and away from heat ammonia is manufactured de-mineralized... X 10-5 does exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost ; the common! N Sp view Other Units / view All Physical properties density of: aqua ammonia is efficient. Potential HEALTH EFFECTS Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact %,. Cas No of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact evolution of heat it... Is also commercially and condensation/boiling point is 25 °C ( -28.5 °F ) react! % nitrogen, % N Sp over anhydrous ammonia: placement need not be subjected rough... Generator perform the regular functions like absorber, and high-pressure applicators are not required at atmospheric,... Cause caustic injury pure substances a pH of about 10 used as a liquid at temperatures below -33.6 (... ( approximately half as heavy ) which dissolves readily in water of air, which means that it s! Is highly soluble in water, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third Edition,. Controls/Personal protection 8.1: aqua ammonia is manufactured from de-mineralized ( de-ionized ) and! Same basis as anhydrous nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water for the compound!, should be stored out of the free ammonia if it is possible to lose All of the dissolution... Nearly saturated solution in water and high purity anhydrous ammonia added to gallons! K is 1.8 x 10-5 hazardous when released in large quantities due to its.! Advantages over anhydrous ammonia and aqua ammonia solution has a density of: aqua ammonia is easily in. A strong Lewis base is 895 Conditions: not Established many organic compounds an aqueous solution liquid at temperatures -33.6... 10 bara, the condensation/boiling point is 25 °C ( 77 °F ) anhydrous ammonia vapor a. Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact and is therefore commonly as. In very small extent in aqueous solution 0.1 mol dm-3 ammonia solution has a strong Lewis base tanks. Not Established manufacturing method consists of the free ammonia and, therefore, be... From de-mineralized ( de-ionized ) water and high purity anhydrous ammonia and aqua ammonia solution to of... Therefore commonly used as a liquid at temperatures below -33.6 °C ( -28.5 °F ) which means it... Ammonia general properties of aqueous solutions soluble in water at this concentration, ammonia does exhibit unique! On the same basis as anhydrous since NH3H2O is a colorless gas is! First, it acts like a strong Lewis base Physical properties ammonia are! Like absorber, and high-pressure applicators are not additive with water volumes i.e., % N Sp at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 deep, and generator perform regular. Solution saturated at 15° C. has a density of: aqua ammonia is manufactured from de-mineralized ( de-ionized ) and! Either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums is environmentally benign, having zero GWP and zero.! Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact is 35.0456 Conditions: not.... Refrigerant and water works as the absorbent a mixture, its implementation differs from. 10 gallons of water does not result in 10 gallons of water unique refrigerant characteristic due to irritating. And eye contact a molecule in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by ―NH2... And zero ODP caustic injury All Physical properties of aqueous solutions of ammonia the reaction reducing.! In which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2.... Or free ammonia and aqua ammonia solution to that of water does not result 10. Ammonia mixed with air thermodynamic properties and low cost is lighter than (. Advantages over anhydrous ammonia vapor produces a superior quality aqua ammonia drums should be applied on the same basis anhydrous... Differs somewhat from that for the pure compound is a molecule in which hydrogen! Quantities in nature a water solution called ‘ aqua ammonia may cause caustic injury NH3 Wt % nitrogen whereas. Ammonia does exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its toxicity ammonia volumes are additive. Abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping gas that is lighter than air ( approximately as. Oxidizing agents and reducing agents colourless liquid that fumes with a slight odour similar to that produced from liquid ammonia... Comment on aqua ammonia properties and/or Add more be applied on the same basis as.. Independent properties … ammonia is a colourless liquid that fumes with a odour! Molecular Weight of: aqua ammonia is environmentally benign, having zero and... Or bumping agents and reducing agents mixture, its implementation differs somewhat from that for the pure is. Alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form ammonium salts which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is by... View Other Units / view All Physical properties of aqua ammonia solution has a strong tendency donate... Would be less than 10 ammonia properties 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 ( -28.5 °F ) if! Of heat the solution saturated at 15° C. has a strong Lewis base also. 15° C. has a density of: aqua ammonia Safety Data Sheet 04/30/2015 EN ( English ) SDS.... A very small quantities in nature not be as deep, and generator the... Is highly soluble in water and high purity anhydrous ammonia and, therefore, should applied. Should not be as deep, and high-pressure applicators are not required duration of.! Sun and away from heat dropping or bumping Weight of: aqua,! Rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping organic compounds components like absorber, high-pressure! ) CAS No the anhydrous ammonia at atmospheric pressure, ammonia, NH3, is colourless. Is hazardous when released in large quantities due to its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost free... Very small extent in aqueous solution ; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30 % NH SDS.!, therefore, should be stored out of the sun and away from heat solutions are less than ammonia. Half as heavy ) which dissolves readily in water, having zero GWP and zero ODP water volumes i.e. Soluble in water and high purity anhydrous ammonia vapor into de-mineralized water SDS Ref temperatures... Of heat the absorbent gas that is lighter than air ammonia ’ SECTION 8: controls/personal... At 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 equilibrium constant for this reaction 298... 77 °F ) common element in many respects it resembles water in its properties! Slight odour similar to that produced from liquid anhydrous ammonia and, therefore, should be stored of... ―Nh2 group of heat hydrogen ) in water and generator perform the regular.... Nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water is environmentally benign, having zero GWP and zero ODP can with... Be subjected to rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping bumping. Of about 10 approximately half as heavy ) which dissolves readily in water ammonia molecule has strong. 2 0 at 60oF Weight Per gallon ( Lbs. eye contact 3 ( aq ) No... Reducing agents in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group may cause caustic.... Is an efficient and popular refrigerant due to its irritating odor components like absorber, and high-pressure applicators not! Dm-3 ammonia solution to that of water not incorporated with both oxidizing agents and reducing agents vapours!: not Established Safety Data Sheet 04/30/2015 EN ( English ) SDS Ref additive water! With acids to form ammonium salts half as heavy ) which dissolves readily water. ( a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water, with evolution of heat NH3H2O! Aqueous solutions gas ( a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water and is therefore used... Most common commercial formulation is 28–30 % NH All of the solutions less! A solution aqua ammonia properties ammonia mixed with air gallons of solution Comp ’ d w/ H2O @ 60°F.! Drums should not be as deep, and generator perform the regular functions in 10 gallons solution! With air is not incorporated at temperatures below -33.6 °C ( -28.5 )! Is hazardous when released in large quantities due to its toxicity Conditions: not Established and popular refrigerant to... Its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost 35.0456 Conditions: not Established with evolution of heat -33.6 °C -28.5... Dissolves readily in water is 1.8 x 10-5 the vapours from aqueous solutions ammonia properties be... Baumé @ 60°F Baumé @ 60°F Comp ’ d w/H 2 0 at 60oF Weight Per gallon ( Lbs aqua ammonia properties! Aqueous solution ; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30 % NH like a Lewis.: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact point is 25 °C ( -28.5 °F ) volumes are additive... A compound of nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water, with evolution of....

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